Category: Forensic Points: 100 Description:

Attached file


I load up the capture file into Wireshark and start by checking for HTTP objects with…

File -> Export Objects -> HTTP...

Unfortunately, there aren’t any HTTP objects found.

After checking for HTTP objects, my next step when working with packet captures is usually to inspect the individual TCP streams.

Right Click Packet -> Follow -> TCP Stream

TCP Stream 0

Looks like the traffic may contain a GIF file, but why does it start with ‘GOAT’?

TCP Stream 1

Wireshark lets you quickly switch between the different streams by increasing the Stream counter at the bottom right of the pop-up window. Scrolling through the first couple TCP streams reveals a pattern.

TCP Stream 15

It looks like all of the streams start with the same 4 bytes, ‘GOAT’ followed by the byte 0x01.


Now that I know the pattern, I threw together a simple Python script that looks for all occurances of ‘GOAT’ followed by 0x01 and then writes the proceeding 4 bytes to a file.

#!/usr/bin/env python

# read file contents into memory
f = open('ce6e1a612a1da91648306ace0cf7151e6531abc9.pcapng', 'rb')
content =

#split on 'GOAT' + x01 byte (skipping the front part of file before GOAT starts)
goats = content.split('GOAT\x01')[1:]

#write the TCP data to a new file
f = open('', 'wb')
for i in goats:
	#data is in first 4 bytes, 5th byte should be null
	assert(i[4] == '\x00')
	data = i[:4]


print('Goat data extracted...')

Next I wanted to confirm that my initial suspicion was correct about this being a .gif file.

$ file GIF image data, version 89a, 590 x 225

Great, let’s see what the image looks like…

$ mv goats.gif


I don’t see a flag there… Maybe it’s hiding in a single frame of the .gif and the flag is flashing too quickly for me to see it. So let’s extract each frame of the gif into seperate, non-moving images.

$ convert goats.gif out%05d.gif
$ ls out000*.gif
out00000.gif  out00005.gif  out00010.gif  out00015.gif  out00020.gif  out00025.gif
out00001.gif  out00006.gif  out00011.gif  out00016.gif  out00021.gif  out00026.gif
out00002.gif  out00007.gif  out00012.gif  out00017.gif  out00022.gif  out00027.gif
out00003.gif  out00008.gif  out00013.gif  out00018.gif  out00023.gif  out00028.gif
out00004.gif  out00009.gif  out00014.gif  out00019.gif  out00024.gif

I check each frame of the gif, the 17th frame(out00016.gif) reveals something interesting…